Compiled by Dr. S. Barrows & M. Collingwood

Avenham Park has been an open space in Preston since 1697, but the land for the adjacent Miller Park was donated by local cotton manufacturer Thomas Miller (1811-1865) in the mid-1800s. It was opened in 1867.
The River Ribble, which flows through the park, provides a southern border for the city. The Forest of Bowland forms a backdrop to Preston to the northeast while the Flyde lies to the west. Preston is approximately 27 miles (43 km) north west of Manchester, 26 miles (42 km) north east of Liverpool, and 15 miles (24 km) east of the coastal town Blackpool.
We posit that alluvial deposits from the water may be a factor in the transmission of proto historic sounds from these surrounding settlements, which date back to Neolothic, Roman and Saxon times.

Preston is an ancient settlement, recorded in the Domesday Book as “Prestune” in 1086. It is purported that the town’s name is derived from Old English Presta and Tun: the Tun signifies enclosure, farmstead, village, manor, estate and the Presta a priest or priests.
Anecdotally, Preston has an extremely high number of places of worship and therefore was dubbed ‘Priest’s Town’ the words latterly being conflated to form ‘Preston’.
There are at least 73 churches, chapels, missions and meeting-houses, 12 mosques, several temples and 15 cemeteries and burial sites. This concentration of religious and ceremonial meeting places might account for the number of bells, peeling and music, which has emanated from this current eruption event.

The Battles of Preston
The battle was fought from 12-14 November in 1715 and took place through the streets of the city between the Jacobites and the army of King George I, over 300 years ago (1715). It is sometimes also known as the Preston Fight or Fisticuffs. Although it is technically classed as a siege, there was a great deal of savage fighting in streets all over the town during the ‘Battle’. This might form some significant Proto Historical Sonic activity. There was an earlier ‘Battle of Preston’ during the English Civil War, which took place in 1648 but this was fought mainly in nearby Walton-Le-Dale. This first battle saw a victory for the New Model Army under the command of Oliver Cromwell over the Royalists and Scots.

Industrial Preston
A further consideration is the Earth Trauma caused during the Industrial Revolution, in which countless building works were completed, dislocating surface geologies and exposing the ground in a manner conducive to seeding and percolation of contemporary ambient phenomena. Preston saw an expeditious period of growth and development during industrialization in the 1800s with the rapid expansion of textile manufacturing.

The original East Lancashire Railway ran through the edge of Miller Park as does the North Union Railway Embankment.
During both the first and second World Wars, Preston Railway station was a major North-South route for troops. A free 24-hour buffet for servicemen was provided to anyone in uniform (soldiers or sailors) by the Women’s Voluntary Service, funded by subscription and had its own marked crockery.

The Preston (Miller Park) Sounding Space is situated towards the middle of the park, in sight of the Railway Line. The Ribble Valley is fascinating in geological terms, with the oldest rocks, sandstones & limestones, being laid down between 410 – 510 million years ago during the Ordovician and Silurian periods.
NOTE: Following the development of the railways stone could be brought cheaply to Preston, resulting in a town whose public buildings and rockeries in parks are largely built of Pendle Grit or stones from even further afield (Often from Scotland or the Lake District!). Do not be confused by this invasive use of non-Lancastrian rock specimens in these buildings! Some research attempts have been made to extract resonances from singular geological specimens –‘rock music’ as it were, but these have, to date, been fruitless. NB. From experience, it is not advisable to attempt to remove the rockery stone for your own research endeavors, they are large, unwieldy and could result in a conflagration with local constabulary, a hiatus hernia or indeed both. (SB)

Geological connectivity through the Ribble Valley suggests that we might expect to detect Reflection Phenomena, as geological sound ‘flows’ along the riverbed via underwater Transmission Layers. Atmospheric and radio wave imprinting within the surface geology of the area is expected to be a significant influence on the background sound profile in the Preston Sounding Space. Marconi’s identification of strong Etheric Wave Transmission in the area suggests the locale is particularly sensitive to electromagnetic fluctuation.
NOTE: there is fascinating research into post-glacial river morphology being undertaken by Dr Wolfgang Lovejoy into this field in his upcoming popular science book: Meander With Me Awhile! Adventures in Alluvium*

*publication date and publisher yet to be confirmed

During the Eruption Event, Master L. Pickering of Preston had some particularly insightful comments about the melodic eruption event - specifically the "church bells" and "pirate songs" and we thank him for his contribution to our work. (WL)